The Dutch established a patroon system with feudal-like rights given to a few powerful landholders; they also established religious tolerance and free trade. The city was captured by the English in ; they took complete control of the colony in and renamed it New York. However the Dutch landholdings remained, and the Hudson River Valley maintained a traditional Dutch character until the s.
How did it come to dominate the continent north of the 30th latitude? Successful North American colonies required, as historian Karen Ordahl Kupperman summarizes, "a permanent commitment on the part of individual settlers to the land and the expectation of trade in colonist-produced commodities.
It also required replication of something approaching normal European societies. Once these principles were established, the settlers would spread over the land with a rapidity no one anticipated.
The Spanish population in the hemisphere, primarily in Central and South America, numbered in the hundreds of thousands. In these seemingly disparate readings, focus on the perspective, tone, and assumptions of the writers. Do they feel they are living in a colony that will endure or one that will fail?
Do they feel that they will endure or fail as individuals? For these New England colonists, in addition, religious faith is central to their experience.
What role does faith play in these settlers' endurance and sense of permanence? From the twenty wills between and presented in this collection from the Plymouth Colony Archive Project, select two or three wills to print out and study. Consider including the wills of a woman, and a famous Puritan, and one from the late s.
The widow of a Puritan minister in Massachusetts, Mary Rowlandson and two of her children spent three months as captives of the Narragansett Indians during Metacom's King Philip's War in In this selection, she recounts her weariness, hunger, and resourcefulness as she lives with the Indians, often commenting on the behavior of the "praying Indians" who had become Christians and those who had not converted.
The English may have come to dominate North America because they were unable to keep people at home, but something else was at work, too. Early on they resolved that, despite Columbus's discoveries in the name of Spain, North America unquestionably belonged to them.
InCotton Mather, in his ecclesiastical history of New England, could survey Europe's New World exploration and conclude that the English claim trumped all others. His work focuses on a brief period, the years from to That he believed such a short span warranted a record for posterity suggests a confidence and sense of accomplishment that bespeak permanence and continuity.
Thomas Minor was born in England, was baptized as an Anglican, and immigrated to Massachusetts inmoving to Connecticut in Active in the church and community as well as on his farm, he kept a journal from to This selection presents his entries for one year, March to Marchin cryptic yet revealing entries.
The paintings are the earliest formal American portraits of the wealthy class and speak clearly to the proud permanence of these New Englanders. They will place you squarely in the context of these readings. What regional characteristics do they highlight?
What is important to these settlers? What role does religious faith serve in these settlers' lives? How do the settlers deal with adversity, disappointment, fear, and the normal routines of life? In what ways are they hopeful or idealistic? Do their decisions reflect a trust in their colony's stability?
To what extent did the colonies replicate "something approaching normal European societies"? How do the portraits and houses reflect the characteristics of these New England settlers?The colonial history of the United States covers the history of European colonization of the Americas from the start of colonization in the early 16th century until their incorporation into the United States of America.
In the late 16th century, England, France, Spain, and the Netherlands launched major colonization programs in eastern North America. First order of business at Jamestown was the council president election.
Shown here, in the church at Jamestown, colonists gathered for the first representative body in the western hemisphere, the House of Burgesses, in The colonial history of the United States covers the history of European colonization of the Americas from the start of colonization in the early 16th century until their incorporation into the United States of America.
In the late 16th century, England, France, Spain, and the Netherlands launched major colonization programs in eastern North . The American Revolution was caused by events that affected both the patriots of America and the loyalists of Britain.
Before the American Revolution led to the independence of the 13 colonies of America in the latter half of the 18th century, small upheavals in individual states were seen throughout the country. *The Colonial Period in America took place between the early s and late s.
*The colonists established 13 benjaminpohle.com colonies are presently known as: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, and Virginia.
The American Revolution was caused by events that affected both the patriots of America and the loyalists of Britain. Before the American Revolution led to the independence of the 13 colonies of America in the latter half of the 18th century, small upheavals in .