The following year, he was appointed vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church. Both nepotistic appointments were characteristic of the age. Each pope during this period inevitably found himself surrounded by the servants and retainers of his predecessors who often owed their loyalty to the family of the pontiff who had appointed them.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Rodrigo was born into the Spanish branch of the prominent and powerful Borgia family.
His uncle Alonso de Borgia, bishop of Valencia later cardinalsupervised his education and endowed him with ecclesiastical benefices while still in his teens.
Rodrigo studied law at Bolognaand on Feb. As vice chancellor of the Roman Catholic church, Rodrigo amassed enormous wealth and, despite a severe rebuke from Pope Pius IIlived as a Renaissance prince. He patronized the arts and fathered a number of children for whom he provided livings, mainly in Spain.
Despite the shadow of simony that surrounded the disposal of his benefices among the papal electors, Rodrigo emerged from a tumultuous conclave on the night of Aug. He embarked upon a reform of papal finances and a vigorous pursuit of the war against the Ottoman Turks.
Charles, at the instigation of a rival cardinal of the influential della Rovere family, threatened the pope with deposition and the convocation of a reform council.
In the course of his pontificate Alexander appointed 47 cardinals to further his complicated dynastic, ecclesiastical, and political policies. Gravely afflicted, Alexander announced a reform program and called for measures to restrain the luxury of the papal court, reorganize the Apostolic Chancery, and repress simony and concubinage.
Meanwhile, however, Alexander had returned to a policy of political intrigue. In Rome, Alexander destroyed the power of the Orsini and Colonna families and concluded an alliance with Spain, granting Isabella and Ferdinand the title of Catholic sovereigns.
Portugal was granted similar rights of exploration east of the demarcation line. This papal dispositionwhich was never subsequently recognized by any other European power, was jointly amended by Spain and Portugal in the Treaty of Tordesillas in He proclaimed the year a Holy Year of Jubilee and authorized its celebration with great pomp.
He also promoted the evangelization of the New World. While his religious convictions cannot be challenged, scandal accompanied his activities throughout his career. Even from a Renaissance viewpoint, his relentless pursuit of political goals and unremitting efforts to aggrandize his family were seen as excessive.Alexander Pope was an 18th-century English poet best known for his epic poem, The Rape of the Lock, and his translation of Homer's Iliad.
Alexander Pope was born on May 21, in London, England. Alexander Pope (21 May – 30 May ) was an 18th-century English poet. He is best known for his satirical verse, including Essay on Criticism, The Rape of the Lock and The Dunciad, and for his translation of Homer.
"To err is human; to forgive, divine." - Alexander Pope quotes from benjaminpohle.com Online shopping from a great selection at Books Store. Discover books, read about the author, find related products, and more. More about Alexander Pope.
"Who is this Pope that I hear so much about?" said George II; "I cannot discover what is his merit. Why will not my subjects write in prose? I hear a great deal, too, of Shakespeare, but I cannot read him, he is such a bombast fellow.". Alexander Pope's biography and life benjaminpohle.com was an 18th-century English poet, best known for his satirical verse and for his translation of Homer.
He is the third-most frequently quoted writer in The Oxford Di.