Steep rocky cliffs rise along the banks of the Nile in some stretches, while other areas along the Nile are flat, with space for agricultural production. In the past, flooding of the Nile during the summer provided silt and water to make agriculture possible on land that is otherwise very dry.
The flag is a tricolor of three horizontal stripes—red, white, and black—with the national emblem in the center white stripe. The Arab Republic of Egypt Hymn. There are coins of 1, 5, 10, and 20 piasters and notes of 25 and 50 piasters and 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, and pounds.
The metric system is the official standard, but various local units also are used: However, the cultivated and settled area Nile Valley, Delta, and oases constitutes only about 3.
Comparatively, the area occupied by Egypt is slightly more than three times the size of the state of New Mexico.
Beyond the Suez Canal in the east, the Sinai Peninsula overlaps into Asia ; the Sinai was occupied by Israeli forces from to The total land boundary length is 2, km 1, mi and its total coastline is 2, km 1, mi. Egypt's capital city, Cairo, is located in the northeastern part of the country.
The Nile Delta is a broad, alluvial land, sloping to the sea for some km miwith a km mi maritime front between Alexandria Al-Iskandariyah and Port Said. South of Cairo, most of the country known as Upper Egypt is a tableland rising to some m 1, ft. The narrow valley of the Nile is enclosed by cliffs as high as m 1, ft as the river flows about km mi from Aswan to Cairo.
A series of cascades and rapids at Aswan, known as the First Cataract the other cataracts are in the Sudanforms a barrier to movement upstream.
The bulk of the country is covered by the Saharawhich north of Aswan is usually called the Libyan Desert. The Western Desert consists of low-lying sand dunes and many depressions.
Kharijah, Siwah, Farafirah, Bahariyah, and other large oases dot the landscape; another lowland, the Qattara Depressionis an inhospitable region of highly saline lakes and soils covering about 23, sq km 8, sq mi.
The outstanding topographic feature is the Nile Riveron which human existence depends, for its annual floods provide the water necessary for agriculture.
Before the completion of the Aswan High Dam inthe floods, lasting generally from August to December, caused the river level to rise about 5 m 16 ft. Now, however, floodwaters can be stored, making it possible to provide year-round irrigation and to reclaim about 1 million feddans about 1.
Damming the Nile resulted in the creation of Lake Nassera reservoir km mi long and 9—18 km 6—11 mi wide. Northern winds temper the climate along the Mediterranean, but the interior areas are very hot.
The temperature sinks quickly after sunset because of the high radiation rate under cloudless skies.
Annual rainfall averages 2. Hot, dry sandstorms, known as khamsins, come off the Western Desert in the spring. Egypt has no forests but does have date palm and citrus groves; eucalyptus and cypress have been introduced. Sheep, goats, and donkeys are found throughout the country, and camels are found in all the deserts.
Egypt has some types of birds, with about half of them being breeding species within the country. Wild animals are few, except for the hyena, jackal, lynx, mongoose, and wild boar, the last-named inhabiting the Nile Delta.
The ibex may be found in the Sinai, and gazelles in the deserts. The Nile is adequately stocked with fish, but crocodiles have been reduced to a few along the shores of Lake Nasser.
Setting the Stage - Ancient Egypt and the Middle East. Towns near the sea could trade goods with countries far away. Most people avoided these areas, although the deserts did play one important role in the settlement of Egypt and Kush. They formed a natural barrier that helped protect people living in the Nile River valley. Economic regions of Egypt Jump to navigation Jump to search. The Each governorate has a General Administration of Planning and Urban Development (GAPUD) government body, in order to decentralize the functions of the GOPP. Regional units and map. Map of Egypt's . Ancient Egypt geography dictated the easiest route of invasion lie across the Sinai. Canaan, especially the Negev, was of keen interest to the Egyptian Pharaohs. The geography of ancient Egypt is composed of two geographical regions, Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt, with modern day Cairo acting as the divider.
Reptiles include the horned viper and the hooded snake. Inthere were about 98 species of mammals, species of birds, and over 2, species of higher plants. Soil fertility has declined because of over-cultivation and agricultural land has been lost to urbanization and desert winds.
In addition, the nation's beaches, coral reefsand wildlife habitats are threatened by oil pollution. Heavy use of pesticides, inadequate sewage disposal, and uncontrolled industrial effluents have created major water pollution problems.
The expanded irrigation of desert areas after completion of the Aswan High Dam in has increased soil salinity and aided the spread of waterborne diseases. The National Committee for Environment, within the office of the prime ministeris the principal agency with environmental responsibilities.
Centuries of human habitation in the Nile Valley have decimated Egypt's wildlife in that region. The hunting of any bird has been prohibited by law.of its development, its dominion and its and cultural legacy.
D e b b i e B a l l e s i l explore how geography played a role in Ancient Egypt’s development. Additionally, students will and regions in Nevada, the United States, and the world. Lesson 3. Ancient Egypt geography dictated the easiest route of invasion lie across the Sinai.
Canaan, especially the Negev, was of keen interest to the Egyptian Pharaohs. The geography of ancient Egypt is composed of two geographical regions, Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt, with modern day Cairo acting as the divider. Ancient Greek colonization began at an early date, during the so-called Geometric period of about to B.C., when many seminal elements of ancient Greek society were also established, such as city-states, major sanctuaries, and the Panhellenic festivals.
Coordinates The geography of Egypt relates to two regions: North Africa and Southwest Egypt has coastlines on the Mediterranean Sea, the River Nile and the Red Sea. Egypt borders Libya to the west, the Gaza Strip which is part of Palestine to the northeast, and Sudan to the south.
In Chapter 8 of Rocky Harbors: Taking Stock of the Middle East in , Carolyn Barnett analyzes how Egypt's role as an actor in regional politics is evolving. Egypt in the Region | Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Just like the Yellow River, the Yangtze played an important role in the development of the culture and civilization of Ancient China. Farmers that lived along the Yangtze River took advantage of the warm climate and rainy weather to grow rice.