Share1 Shares Science progresses by theory and experimentation. When an experiment requires a human subject there are two main options for the investigator.
Wisch Place of Publication: This paper explores state and municipal dog impound laws, focusing specifically on loose dog laws, dogs chasing livestock laws, and public health laws.
In doing so, the paper examines grants of police power to seize and destroy dog and what due process requirements constrain these state actions. Moreover, owners have little legal recourse against such action. Most of the original legislation in this area dates back at least a century, rooted in real fears of marauding vicious dogs or the spread of rabies.
In any event, nearly all exercises of municipal power to restrain, regulate, and impound loose or vicious dogs are upheld as valid.
State and municipal laws provide for the seizure of dogs in three general categories: This paper will examine specific state laws with respect to dogs at large, dogs found to be chasing livestock, and dogs seized as part of a quarantine effort.
While it is recognized that the impetus behind broad seizure laws is often the threat of a dangerous dog, this paper will not delve into dangerous dog laws a paper examining dangerous dog laws will soon be available at the Web Center.
In doing so, this paper will also analyze the case law relative to impoundment of dogs for various offenses by examining the constitutional challenges to impoundment and destruction. It will also give several state laws examples relative to seizure and impoundment of dogs.
Exercise of General Police Power to Impound or Kill Dogs As noted in the Web Center paper on municipal police powers, state and local governing units are granted broad authority to control dogs. Tennessee law exemplifies this broad police power given to municipalities to seize and destroy dogs.
Counties, by resolution of their respective legislative bodies, may license and regulate dogs and cats, establish and operate shelters and other animal control facilities, and regulate, capture, impound and dispose of stray dogs, stray cats and other stray animals.
Generally, this ability given to local governments to control dogs is broad. State statutes often provide that the power to license, tax, and regulate loose dogs is vested in municipal governments.
This is especially true with regard to loose dogs or dogs at large.
Animal experimentation uses billions of taxpayer dollars every year, hardly has any scientific relevance, and animal experimentation causes a huge deal of pain, suffering and death to animals. [tags: Animal Testing]. The Ethics of Animal Experimentation By Stephanie Liou 06 Jul, Animal Research, Research and HD, Research Basics Many medical research institutions make use of non-human animals as test subjects. Researchers from the Yale School of Medicine and several British universities published a paper in The BMJ titled “Where Is the Evidence That Animal Research Benefits Humans?” The researchers systematically examined studies that used animals and concluded that little evidence exists to support the idea that experimentation on animals has benefited humans.
Loose Dogs or Dogs Running At Large Clearly, the most common reason a dog is impounded is because it is found running loose with no license tags. As dogs are viewed as personal property in every state, a dog that bears no tag of owner identification may be considered by statute to be abandoned property.
In fact, this ability of a municipality to sell or give pets to research facilities was upheld as a valid exercise of police power in Kovar v. City of ClevelandN.
In KovarPetitioner LaVeda Kovar and others sought to enjoin the City of Cleveland from disposing of dogs located in the city dog pound by giving or selling them to hospitals or laboratories for experimental and research purposes. The Ohio Court of Appeals held that the City of Cleveland had the right in promoting the health, safety, and welfare of its citizens, which was granted through both the constitutional right of home rule and by powers conferred directly to municipal corporations by state statute.
This power extended to the instant ordinance that provided that no dog should be permitted to run at large unless muzzled and that any dog found at large and unmuzzled would be impounded.
In many states, local authorities are given this near complete discretion to adopt strict dog seizure laws. In Oklahomalocal municipalities are given broad authority to enact measures relating to the seizure and killing of dogs at large. The board of county commissioners may also regulate and provide for taxing the owners and harborers of dogs, and authorize the humane killing or disposal of dogs, found at large, contrary to any ordinance regulating the same.
In fact, this ability to enact ordinances related to dogs may not be discretionary for a particular municipality. But what defines a loose dog, or dog-at-large?
Further, some states define loose dogs at those that are not wearing visible dog tags on a collar. Most states distinguish between loose dogs with a visible collar and dog tags and those dogs that are unlicensed or uncollared.
In this section, "at large" means off the premises of the owner or keeper and not under the control of any person by means of personal presence and attention as will reasonably control the conduct of such dog, unless accompanied by the owner or custodian.Summary: Animal “rights” is of course not the only philosophical basis for extending legal protections to animals.
Another, competing, basis is based on the theory of utilitarianism – the outright rejection of rights for all species and instead advocacy for equal consideration. Animal experimentation uses billions of taxpayer dollars every year, hardly has any scientific relevance, and animal experimentation causes a huge deal of pain, suffering and death to animals.
[tags: Animal Testing]. 🔥Citing and more! Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes. Europe, the world’s largest cosmetic market, Israel and India have already banned animal testing for cosmetics, and the sale or import of newly animal-tested beauty products.
"Top Five Shocking Animal Experimentation Facts." Web Accessed March 3, 2. Who we are. CockadoodleMoo Farm Animal Sanctuary just north of Reno, Nevada is a small (c)3 operation that provides a lifetime home for abused and rescued farm animals, plus care and protection for wild animals who share our beautiful canyon.
(c)3 just . Oshkosh Farmers Market located in Oshkosh Wisconsin provides a summer, mid-week summer and winter shopping opportunities.
Located in the Fox Valley which includes Appleton, Fond du Lac, Neenah, Menasha, Omro, Berlin.