Diversity is an essential component of any civil society. It is more than a moral imperative; it is a global necessity. Everyone can benefit from diversity, and diverse populations need to be supported so they can reach their full potential for themselves and their communities. As visionary leaders open to change, new ideas, and global perspectives, ACRL is committed to diversity of people and ideas, as noted in its White Papers.
References provide support for statements and add credibility to writing. The rules for what needs a citation are an academic tradition, but are rarely stated explicitly: All direct quotations from another author must be cited. The writer has no discretion in this matter: Failure to cite quotations is known as plagiarism, a serious academic offense that is equivalent to fraudulent representation of someone else's property as the writer's.
It is highly recommended that authors always include the indicia of a quotation [i. It is not an acceptable defense to plagiarism to claim that the author forgot to include the indicia of a quotation. All substantial information taken from another source should be cited.
There are four reasons for this: The meaning of "substantial information" in 2 is deduced on a case-by-case basis by considering the four reasons.
If at least one of the reasons is appropriate or desirable, then a reference should be used. However, one different academic writing formats guidelines not give a reference for well-known facts e. The appropriate test is whether any person with an undergraduate education in the appropriate specialty would immediately recognize the fact: Let us take a moment to expand on item 2b above.
If the writer doubts the truth of the information, then the writer should indicate to the reader the basis for those doubts. This can be accomplished diplomatically by making a "on the one hand Doubts can also be raised and at least partly resolved by discussing alternative interpretations.
The point is that the writer can not just serve the reader some cited material and then walk away from the mess: If a complete resolution of the facts is not possible, then the writer has an obligation to say so.
Some types of statements beg for a citation. For example, It is commonly believed that It is widely known that The conventional wisdom is that These assertions need a citation of at least one I prefer three references that support the assertion.
These references may be to textbooks, which are rarely cited in professional literature in other contexts. There are two reasons for requiring a reference to this type of statement: What kind of literature should be referenced? It is preferred that all references be archival material: There is one test for "archival": Is it retained permanently by many major technical libraries?
In general, any paper that is listed in standard databases e. In addition, patents and government reports qualify as archival materials, although they are often not considered scholarly materials.
Engineering standards, although they are important, are not archival: It is almost impossible to locate a copy of an obsolete or withdrawn standard, unless one knows an old engineer who has a copy in the filing cabinet! For these reasons, standards are not archival documents. However, if one needs to cite to conventional good engineering practice or to cite to a performance specification, then one can cite engineering standards.
In general, one should avoid citing proprietary literature manufacturer's application notes, specification sheets for products, etc.Purpose and Goals of the Standards.
The following standards were developed by the Racial and Ethnic Diversity Committee of ACRL (Association of College & Research Libraries), based on the National Association of Social Workers Standards for Cultural Competence in Social Work Practice.
1 The standards are intended to emphasize the need and obligation to serve and advocate for racial and.
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The Complete Guide to MLA & Citations What You’ll Find on This Guide: This page provides an in-depth overview of MLA format. It includes information related to MLA citations, plagiarism, proper formatting for in-text and regular citations, and examples of citations for many different types of sources.
MLA style is a system for documenting sources in scholarly writing. For over half a century, it has been widely adopted for classroom instruction and used throughout the world by scholars, journal publishers, and academic and commercial presses.
Works are now published in a dizzying range of formats. In contrast to personal writing contexts, academic writing is different because it deals with the theories and causes of a given topic, as well as exploring alternative explanations for these events. Academic writing follows a particular ‘tone’ and adheres to traditional conventions of .
2 | Academic Writing: A Guide to Tertiary Level Writing Some Differences between Academic Writing & Other Writing Contexts Writing is a skill that is required in many contexts throughout life. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book.
The digit and digit formats both work.