History[ edit ] Legal aid has a close relationship with the welfare stateand the provision of legal aid by a state is influenced by attitudes towards welfare.
Section menu Transition For Children With Intellectual Disabilities This article aims to provide an overview of transition for people with intellectual disabilities as they move from children's to adult services and concludes with a brief account of how transition services may need to develop in the future.
Topics covered include common issues faced by young people as they grow up with intellectual disabilities, the legislative background of transition services in the UK, and models of transition services.
In addition to this the article familiarizes the reader with the main body of UK literature in this area. The article concludes with a brief account of how transition services may need to develop in the future. Transitions occur throughout life and are faced by all young people as they progress, from childhood through puberty and adolescence to adulthood; from immaturity to maturity and from dependence to independence.
In addition, some young people experience extra transitions as a result of other life events for example, bereavement, separation of parents, and being placed in care.
Times of transition bring with them various other opportunities including the opportunity to reflect on and be proud of achievements, to be hopeful for the future and possibly to 'jettison attributes we no longer want' National Children's Bureau Transition can be seen to affect an individual's status, family life and other aspects of their lives as illustrated in figure 1.
Transition services and guidelines for good practice exist for various chronic conditions affecting children such as Cystic fibrosis Cystic Fibrosis Trust Diabetes Department of Health a and physical disabilities Department of Health All of these emphasise the need for specifically designed programmes of care for facilitating the smooth transition from paediatric to adult care.
Transition specific to young people with intellectual disabilities The nature of disability Individuals with intellectual disabilities represent a heterogeneous group of people with a large array of abilities and diagnoses. This diversity arises as a marker of the severity of the intellectual disabilities which can be divided into mild, moderate, severe and profound.
It is likely that an individual with more severe intellectual disabilities will encounter more barriers to accessing the same opportunities that are available to their peers without severe intellectual disabilities.
In addition to this, individuals with intellectual disabilities are also more likely to have coexistent medical conditions than individuals' without intellectual disabilities. There is an increased likelihood that individuals will have received a diagnosis of chronic illness such as epilepsy or mental health diagnoses.
Comorbidity with intellectual disabilities could be a coincidental, b one condition leading to the other or c impairment leading to both the intellectual disability and the comorbid disorder.
Conditions may also be overlapping with no links to their cause.
However, these additional difficulties are often not recognized until they get severe or not at all. It is highly important that there is accurate and complete diagnosis of comorbid psychiatric disorders as these can cause significant clinical impairment and the additional burden of illness on both the individual and their families.
Furthermore, the placement of the child or the adult in educational or community settings respectively can be jeopardized by these difficulties particularly during transition to adult services.
For young people with intellectual disabilities their experience of transition can be qualitatively quite different from that experienced by other people. People with intellectual disabilities are more likely to experience additional transitions in their lifetime such as the diagnosis of co-existent medical conditions.
For example, epilepsy is eight times more common in individuals with mild intellectual disabilities than it is in the general population. This rises to times more common in severe intellectual disabilities.Oct 16, · Explain the effect of own role on service provision, describe how own role links to the wider sector, describe the main roles and responsibilities of Status: Resolved.
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The Effect of Own Role on Service Provision The effect of my role in provision of health care service includes i. Reduction in work load for Nurses. ii. Reduced pressure on reception staff iii. Improvement in functioning and performance of service delivery in work place iv.
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