Kennedy defined a liberal as follows:
February 3, by articles 4 Comments The Nigerian Political System The geographical area that is known as Nigeria today is a composition of divergent ethnic groups, tribes, dissenting cultures, and like the rest of the African world, varying religious traditions.
Yet, by the amalgamation act ofit came to be known and referred to as the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The present political situation of Nigeria is infected with myriads of problems, a sign of weak foundation and invariably weak superstructure made worse by bad leadership and administration.
Going by the history of her experiences and external influences, Nigeria has gone through a lot of periods, which taken together will give the clearest view of whatever contemporary issue about her that is being studied.
As a result, the Nigerian political system has gone through many changes in government since the so-called Independence of October 1, That Nigeria has not got an adequate political system is evidently clear, well substantiated by the daily events.
But to evolve a true political system for the country, recourse has to be made to the manner in which Nigeria came into being for a possible political redress.
This is how we shall approach the subject matter of this research.
In terms of modern political state, Nigeria was a result of British imperial adventure and ambition. However, what really existed in this part of West Africa were a number of independent ethnic nationalities or ethnic groups. These nationalities had lived politically and geographically separate from one another and in some cases linguistically and culturally different.
Lugard, to describe the various British protectorates in the Niger-Delta area. It is estimated that Nigeria is composed of about ethno-linguistic groups, which lived as independent kingdoms. Among these ethnic groups were the Yoruba nation, the Igbo nation and the Hausa- Fulani nation as major ethnic groups.
Chukwu, some of the ethnic nationalities were of old antiquity with evidence of thousands of years of existence before the coming of British colonialism. There were functional groups and organizations traditionally used as the government of the people to administer justice and ensure the unity and peace of the various ethnic groups or kingdoms.
The independent existence of the ethnic groups was not limitless. No, it had limit. In terms of economic and social relations, they had related with one another. Trade relations, for instance, as D. Chukwu reports, between the EfiK and the Mbembe, and other ethnic nationalities of the Ogoja province were known to have been facilitated through the Cross River basins.
It was these groups that were, on the imposition of the colonial rule, merged to produce the modern Nigerian state not minding the diversity of their cultural inclinations. One can immediately begin to visualize the genesis of the Nigerian political instability.
Of course, this is no welfare at all. It was mere display of colonial egoistic altruism. Although the people were suffering, they were helpless. However, there was a growing tension between the British and the educated Nigerians, which later metamorphosed into the powerful nationalist movement that fought for the Independence.
Added to this, the period of the World War 11 quickened the fires of nationalism in Nigeria. The Nigerian servicemen, fighting alongside their British masters, experienced other peoples and systems of government.
On coming back, they told their villages about the new idea of democracy and self-government they had seen and heard discussed.
Nationalist agitation began to grow in the s in Nigeria and was given a boost by the events of the Second World War. The colonial administrators, being sensitive to the indications of the wind of change, decided to give up their rule and allow Nigerians self-rule.
At independence inNigerians were allowed to participate in the administration of their country although not fully. The British were still in control and we continued to pay allegiance to the Queen of England. Even our own president, Rt.
Nnamdi Azikiwe was mere ceremonial president. It was not until when Nigeria became a Republic that we were allowed to have full control of our national affairs.
With independence, Nigeria embarked upon a democratic British pattern of politics both at the center and in the regions.We investigate the role of deeply-rooted pre-colonial ethnic institutions in shaping comparative regional development within African countries.
We combine information on the spatial distribution of ethnicities before colonization with regional variation in contemporary economic performance, as.
Rivalling economics as a discipline during the century was political science. The line of systematic interest in the state that had begun in modern Europe with Niccolò Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, among others, widened and lengthened in the 19th century, the consequence.
Periods of Political Instability of African States, 62 and Political Instability The modern state system in Sub-Saharan African1 (hereafter referred to simply as Africa) on conflict trends in Africa are charted in order to establish a fairly comprehensive picture and.
Political system - National political systems: The term nation-state is used so commonly and yet defined so variously that it will be necessary to indicate its usage in this article with some precision and to give historical and contemporary examples of nation-states.
To begin with, there is no single basis upon which such systems are established. About the author. Andrew Jakubowicz is a Professor of Sociology at the University of Technology, Sydney. He is also the co-director of the Cosmopolitan Civil Societies Research Centre at the University of Technology.
Civil and political rights; Cultural liberalism; Democracy. Liberal democracy; Economic liberalism; Egalitarianism; Free market; Free trade; Freedom of the press.