The development of music from the prehistoric era to the 14th century

Early Music before 9th Century: Although music has undoubtedly been a feature of human society for many thousands of years, not very much is known about its early history. It is not until the time of some the ancient civilisations that writings and sometimes pictures and artifacts have recorded the use of musical instruments. It is assumed that some music may have been improvisatory and that any technical aspects of music will have been passed via oral traditions, experienced musicians passing their skills by example to students.

The development of music from the prehistoric era to the 14th century

Hand stencilCosquer CaveFrance, c. Despite a warmer climate, the Mesolithic period undoubtedly shows a falling-off from the heights of the preceding period. Rock art is found in Scandinavia and northern Russia, and around the Mediterranean in eastern Spain and the earliest of the Rock Drawings in Valcamonica in northern Italy, but not in between these areas.

Simple pottery began to develop in various places, even in the absence of farming. Mesolithic[ edit ] Compared to the preceding Upper Paleolithic and the following Neolithic, there is rather less surviving art from the Mesolithic.

The Rock art of the Iberian Mediterranean Basinwhich probably spreads across from the Upper Paleolithic, is a widespread phenomenon, much less well known than the cave-paintings of the Upper Paleolithic, with which it makes an interesting contrast.

The sites are now mostly cliff faces in the open air, and the subjects are now mostly human rather than animal, with large groups of small figures; there are 45 figures at Roca dels Moros. Clothing is shown, and scenes of dancing, fighting, hunting and food-gathering.

The figures are much smaller than the animals of Paleolithic art, and depicted much more schematically, though often in energetic poses. It is a plank of larch carved with geometric motifs, but topped with a human head.

Now in fragments, it would apparently have been over 5 metres tall when made. They are also found in northern Germany and Poland, as well as in Egypt in the Sahara desert at Nabta Playa and other sites. The best preserved of all temples and the oldest free standing structures are the Megalithic Temples of Malta.

They start in the 5th millennium BC, though some authors speculate on Mesolithic roots. One of the best-known prehistoric sites is Stonehengepart of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site which contains hundreds of monuments and archaeological sites. Monuments have been found throughout most of Western and Northern Europe, notably at CarnacFrance.

Entrance stone with megalithic art at Newgrange The large mound tomb at NewgrangeIreland, dating to around BC, has its entrance marked with a massive stone carved with a complex design of spirals. The mound at nearby Knowth has large flat rocks with rock engravings on their vertical faces all around its circumference, for which various meanings have been suggested, including depictions of the local valley, and the oldest known image of the Moon.

Many of these monuments were megalithic tombs, and archaeologists speculate that most have religious significance. Knowth is reputed to have approximately one third of all megalithic art in Western Europe. The increased efficiency of bronze tools also meant an increase in productivity, which led to a surplus — the first step in the creation of a class of artisans.

Because of the increased wealth of society, luxury goods began to be created, especially decorated weapons. Examples include ceremonial bronze helmets, ornamental ax-heads and swords, elaborate instruments such as lurerand other ceremonial objects without a practical purpose, such as the oversize Oxborough Dirk.

Special objects were made in gold; many more gold objects have survived from Western and Central Europe than from the Iron Age, many mysterious and strange objects ranging from lunulasapparently an Irish speciality, the Mold Cape and Golden hats. Pottery from Central Europe can be elaborately shaped and decorated.

In the Mediterranean, the Minoan civilization was highly developed, with palace complexes from which sections of frescos have been excavated.

Contemporary Ancient Egyptian art and that of other advanced Near Eastern cultures can no longer be treated as "prehistoric".The prehistoric age is considered to have ended with the development of writing, and with it, by definition, prehistoric music.

"Ancient music" is the name given to the music that followed. The "oldest known song" was written in cuneiform, dating to years ago from Ugarit in Syria.

Ancient music: The prehistoric era is considered to have ended with the development of writing, and with it, by definition, prehistoric music. "Ancient music" is the name given to the music that followed.

The prehistoric era is considered to have ended with the development of writing, and with it, by definition, prehistoric music. "Ancient music" is the name given to the music that followed.

The "oldest known song" was written in cuneiform, dating to 4, years ago from Ur. A Beginner's Guide to Music History. Search the site GO. Music. Music Education History Basics Lessons Theory Rock Here is a chronological introduction to each stage of music development to help you better understand the history of music.

The development of music from the prehistoric era to the 14th century

Around the 14th-century, secular music became increasingly prominent, setting the stage for the. This brief outline of the history of Christian music though the 19th century is designed to help us place the ancient hymns in their historical context, and to learn when the forms now familiar - psaltery, hymnody, liturgy, chorale, oratorio, cantata, and sacred anthem, came into being.

From its early development until the present, jazz has also incorporated music from 19th- and 20th-century American popular music.

Jazz has, from its earlyth-century inception, spawned a variety of subgenres, ranging from New Orleans Dixieland (s) to s and s-era jazz-rock fusion.

medieval motet - Music in History