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They encountered environmental challenges that were different from those they had known in Europe. Most important was the presence of uncultivated arable land. They adapted to the new environment in certain ways — the cumulative effect of these adaptations was Americanization.
According to Turner, the forging of the unique and rugged American identity had to occur precisely at the juncture between the civilization of settlement and the savagery of wilderness. The dynamic of these oppositional conditions engendered a process by which citizens Thesaurus thesis made, citizens with the power to tame the wild and upon whom the wild had conferred strength and individuality Successive generations moved further inland, shifting the lines of settlement and wilderness, but preserving the essential tension between the two.
European characteristics fell by the wayside and the old country's institutions e. Every generation moved further west and became more American, more democratic, and as intolerant of hierarchy as they were removed from it.
They became more violent, more individualistic, Thesaurus thesis distrustful of authority, less artistic, less scientific, and more dependent on ad-hoc organizations they formed themselves.
In broad terms, the further west, the more American the community. Closed Frontier Turner saw the land frontier was ending, since the U.
Census of had officially stated that the American frontier had broken up. He sounded an alarming note, speculating as to what this meant for the continued dynamism of American society as the source of America's innovation and democratic ideals was disappearing.
Impact and influence Turner's thesis quickly became popular among intellectuals. It explained why the American people and American government were so different from their European counterparts. It was popular among New Dealers--Franklin Roosevelt and his top aides  thought in terms of finding new frontiers.
This is the great, the nation-wide frontier of insecurity, of human want and fear. This is the frontier — the America — we have set ourselves to reclaim. For this reason, some critics on the left saw the Frontier Thesis as the impetus for a new wave in the history of United States imperialism.
However, Turner's work, in contrast to Roosevelt's work The Winning of the West, places greater emphasis on the development of American republicanism than on territorial conquest or the subjugation of the Native Americans. Radical historians of the s who wanted to focus scholarship on minorities, especially Native Americans and Hispanics, disparaged the frontier thesis because it did not attempt to explain the evolution of those groups.
In the history of religion, for example, Boles notes that William Warren Sweet at the University of Chicago Divinity Schoolargued that churches adapted to the characteristics of the frontier, creating new denominations such as the Mormonsthe Church of Christthe Disciples of Christand the Cumberland Presbyterians.
The frontier, they argued, shaped uniquely American institutions such as revivals, camp meetings, and itinerant preaching. This view dominated religious historiography for decades. Moos shows that the s to s black filmmaker and novelist Oscar Micheaux incorporated Turner's frontier thesis into his work.
Micheaux promoted the West as a place where blacks could transcend race and earn economic success through hard work and perseverance. Slatta argues that the widespread popularization of Turner's frontier thesis influenced popular histories, motion pictures, and novels, which characterize the West in terms of individualism, frontier violence, and rough justice.
Disneyland 's Frontierland of the late 20th century reflected the myth of rugged individualism that celebrated what was perceived to be the American heritage. The public has ignored academic historians' anti-Turnerian models, largely because they conflict with and often destroy the icons of Western heritage.
However, the work of historians during the ss, some of whom sought to bury Turner's conception of the frontier and others who have sought to spare the concept while presenting a more balanced and nuanced view, have done much to place Western myths in context and rescue Western history from them.
Historians have noted that John F. Kennedy in the early s explicitly called upon the ideas of the frontier. My call is to the young in heart, regardless of age — to the stout in spirit, regardless of party.
Limerick points out that Kennedy assumed that "the campaigns of the Old Frontier had been successful, and morally justified. The frontier thesis is one of the most influential documents on the American west today.Thesis Definition. A thesis is a statement in a non-fiction or a fiction work that a writer intends to support and benjaminpohle.com can find examples of thesis statement at the beginning of literary pieces.
These thesis statements are of utmost importance, as they provide clear indicators as to which direction the writer will follow in their work. thesis - definition and synonyms The thesaurus of synonyms and related words is fully integrated into the dictionary.
Click on the thesaurus category heading under the button in an entry to see the synonyms and related words for that meaning. more. noun [countable]. Bachrach, "Pirenne and Charlemagne" (), in which the author uses the Pirenne thesis as a launching pad for a review of Charlemagne's career in order to highlight the great Carolingian monarch as "an excellent symbol for representing western civilization" and .
Definition of thesis (theses) in the benjaminpohle.com Dictionary. Meaning of thesis. What does thesis mean? Proper usage and pronunciation (in phonetic transcription) of the word thesis. Information about thesis in the benjaminpohle.com dictionary, synonyms and antonyms.
The thesis that God has existed in human form, was born, grew up; is certainly the paradox in the strictest sense, the absolute paradox. — Søren Kierkegaard, in Concluding Unscientific Postscript to the Philosophical Fragments (), Part One – The Objective Issue Of The Truth Of Christianity.
7 synonyms of thesis from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 44 related words, definitions, and antonyms. Find another word for thesis. an idea or opinion that is put forth in a discussion or debate Synonyms: argument, assertion, contention.